Sight words are high-frequency words that children need to memorize so that they can recall them automatically when reading. Being able to recall these words automatically will help with reading fluently, and allow readers to spend more of their energy on decoding less common words. At Shortreed, we have a list of sight words for each grade-level from Kindergarten to Grade Three. Click the below button to see the sight words for each grade-level.
In Kindergarten we introduce word-solving strategies for reading unknown words. These strategies continue to be a focus for teaching reading in Grade One and Grade Two. The strategies that we focus on are:
Look at the picture
Go back and reread
Get your mouth ready with the first sound
Stretch the word
Find word parts or chunks that you know
Skip the word, read on, then go back
Click on the below button to see our "Word-Solving Strategies Bookmark" that we use with our students at Shortreed.
After trying to read a word and making an error, you can support your child by asking them questions about their reading. The questions that we use at Shortreed are:
Does that make sense?
Does that sound right?
Does that look right?
Word families are groups of words that have a common pattern of letters in them. An example of a word family is the -at word family, which includes words like hat, cat, sat, flat, chat, etc. Learning about word families helps to support our students' literacy development by teaching them to see patterns in words. You can help your child's literacy development by reviewing the word families that are taught at school. The below button will take you to a list of common word families that are taught at Shortreed.
When reading with your child, you can help them think about what they are reading by asking questions and encouraging them to talk about the text. Below are several approaches that we use at Shortreed to help build reading comprehension.
The 5 W's
Who? (i.e. Who are the characters in the story?)
What? (i.e. What is happening in the story?)
Where? (i.e. Where is the story taking place?)
When? (i.e. When is the story taking place?)
Why? (i.e. Why did that character act in a particular way?)
Text to Self: This reminds me of my own life when...
Text to Text: This reminds me of another book or movie because...
Text to World: This reminds me of a current or historical event, such as...
Retelling the Story in their Own Words
Encouraging children to retell stories in sequential order (first, then, then) will help build their understanding of stories and help them to better understand story structure. After reading, encourage your child to retell the story by starting at the beginning and talking about each event in order.
Beginning, Middle, and End
In addition to retelling stories, it is important to encourage children to think about the beginning, middle and end of stories. There's lots of ways to do this. From simply talking about the beginning, middle, and end; to having kids draw pictures that show the beginning, middle, and end of a story; the most important consideration is choosing something that your child enjoys doing.
Problems and Resolutions
Stories are often told to teach a lesson. To help children understand the lessons that are taught through stories, it is important to teach them to talk about the problems and resolutions that take place in stories. Asking your child about the problem that took place in the story and how it was resolved will help to develop their reading comprehension.
Reading with Appropriate Speed, Accuracy, and Expression (Fluency)
Reading fluently demonstrates that readers understand what they are reading and helps readers connect and engage with books in meaningful ways. When your child is in Grade One, you can support fluent reading by encouraging them to reread books. When students reread books, they are familiar with the content of the book and are able to focus their energy on reading smoothly with expression. To encourage fluency, remind your child that we are working on reading smoothly with expression and do not want to read like "robots."